Yellow fever is a disease that is caused by a virus. It is otherwise referred to as acute viral hemorrhagic condition. A person with this viral disease will of course be febrile. He will body malaise, pain, and nausea. In most cases, especially with those who have strong immune systems, recovery will occur after a few days. However, there are some people who experience the toxic phase. During this time, damage to the liver occurs which may be manifested by a yellowish skin color called jaundice. This condition can be fatal. Up to this day, the yellow fever virus still ravages a lot of countries and causes numerous deaths most especially in the African regions.
Because of the illness and deaths caused by yellow fever, vaccines have been created to help protect humans against them. Yellow fever immunisation vaccinations have been protecting millions of people worldwide for over 60 years. The yellow fever virus is attenuated or weakened are given to people which enables the body to form antibodies against the virus. Its formulation has been very helpful especially since more than 200,000 people get infected with the yellow fever virus every year. It is also important to get immunized to the virus since there is no cure for it up to this day and it has a mortality rate of at least 10% and up to 50% .The immunity obtained from the vaccine will last 10 years provided that the dose was given correctly. Only a signal vaccination is injected on the subcutaneous part of the skin. For travellers visiting countries that require a yellow fever immunisation injection, they should allot a minimum of 10 days for them to get immunized prior to travelling. This should be given proper attention since several tourists have died due to the inability to have themselves an immunisation injection.
For travelers, it may be necessary to take note of your destination country’s yellow fever entry requirements. Most countries do not have them but there several others who stipulate that visitors who enter their nation present an International Certificate of Vaccination.
The yellow fever immunisation injection is not totally risk free just like any other form of meds or vaccines. Mild side effects may occur such as body malaise, weakness, and fever. There may also be some redness or swelling on the arm particularly on the injection area. The serious side effects of the yellow fever vaccine are far less prevalent than the mild adverse effects. It includes allergic reactions that result to rashes, itchiness, and even asthma. This is the reason why those given the vaccine are required to stay for at least an hour in the immunization clinic. Also, statistics have shown that only 1 in 8 million immunized individuals develop encephalitis or swelling of the brain. There are also some reports of fatalities due to the yellow fever immunisation injection although the number is very few and most often occur in individuals who are more than 70 years old. This is probably due to weakened immune system which is also the reason why yellow fever vaccine is not given to infants younger than 4 months old.
Hepatitis B is just one of the many viral diseases that are infectious. It was previously referred to as serum hepatitis. It results to liver inflammation which is otherwise known as hepatitis. In many part of Africa and Asia, Hepatitis B has been an epidemic. In fact, it is already endemic in China. Additionally, approximately over two billion people worldwide have contaminated with the Hep B virus. Among these people, 350 million are considered to be long-time carriers. The Hepatitis B virus is transmitted from person to person through body fluids. This can either be through exposure to infected or vaginal secretions and semen. One cannot be contaminated by a carrier if he only engages in casual contact such as holding hands and hugging. The virus is also not spread through kissing or drinking from the same glass.
Fortunately, an immunisation injection was given the US Food and Drug Administration’s seal of approval during the year 1986. It was synthetically made. Previously, a Hep B vaccine derived from blood products were used in 1981 but it was discontinued in 1990 due to the high risk of contamination. The currently used Hep B vaccine is given three doses and this will already provide a person with a lifetime protection from the disease. In most countries, it is already given at birth. The subsequent vaccinations are then scheduled until 18 years old. Even adults in high risk situations, such as those who work in health care settings, are advised to have themselves immunized against the Hepatitis B virus. Those who are sexually active especially those engaged in homosexual sex should have themselves vaccinated. Those who live with Hep B positive individuals are strongly advised to have themselves injected with the vaccine. Tourists who plan on visiting countries with high incidence of Hepatitis B infection should get their shots several days prior to travelling. These countries include Africa, South America, Middle East nations, Asian nations, Pacific Islands, and the Eastern part of Europe.
Protecting oneself from the Hepatitis B virus is easy. It can be easily accessed through almost any doctor’s clinic. Even the local health unit offers this vaccine. There are three doses necessary for a complete immunization against Hep B. The initial dose is given any time. Nowadays, it is given at birth. The second injection is given after a month from the first dose. The third dose is given 6 months post the second injection.
As what is common with any other vaccine or medicine, there are several side effects that are associated with the use of the Hepatitis B immunisation injection. However, there is no immense cause for concern since it is recognized as among the safest and most efficient vaccines which have been formulated. It has also undergone safety tests by the World Health Organization and the Centers for Disease Control. These safety tests yielded results that pointed to the soundness of the Hep B vaccine for human use. The area where the injection was made may be sore and swollen. There may also be skin redness. People who have yeast allergies and hypersensitivity reactions to other varieties of vaccines may not be advised for Hep B immunization.
A lot of people have not heard of a disease called the Japanese Encephalitis. This disease may not have been widely publicized but it has certainly caused the deaths of many. It is a mosquito borne illness which has affected many parts of Asia especially those individuals who are residing in agricultural areas. This serious viral disease targets the central part of the nervous system which can result to severe health repercussions and eventually death.
Encephalitis is a serious brain condition. In the case of a person infected with the Japanese Encephalitis, the virus enters a person’s blood stream where it is then transported to the brain. The brain launches an inflammatory action which ultimately leads to encephalitis or the swelling of the brain. This can cause brain hemorrhage and even lead to permanent damage of the brain. Person who have compromised immune systems are most likely to succumb to encephalitis. This includes people on the age extremes such as the very young and the elderly. This does not mean that anyone is exempted since the virus is capable of affecting anyone. Recently, there have also been unconfirmed reports that some beauty products may increase the chances of contracting the virus. You can read these luminess air reviews for more information about this.
The symptoms manifested by a person who has encephalitis are varied. There are even some instances when the person remains asymptomatic. Serious manifestations include inability to maintain normal gait, extremely painful headaches, neck rigidity and pain, nausea, body malaise, altered consciousness, photosensitivity, seizures, and coma. In infants, the signs of encephalitis are very hard to identify. The most common ones are photosensitivity and limpness of the infant’s body.
Up to this day, there is no known cure for Japanese encephalitis. However, avaccine has been formulated and it is very effective in keeping people safe from the dangers brought about by the Japanese encephalitis virus. Individuals who live in susceptible areas are advised to have themselves protected through the Japanese Encephalitis immunisation injection. Those who travel to at risk areas should also make sure that they are properly immunized especially if one’s destinations are the rural regions of Asia. Even lab workers who are dealing with the Japanese Encephalitis virus for pharmacologic or scientific purposes should be vaccinated.
Tourists are at high risk for contracting this viral disease especially those who choose to visit rural and agricultural areas. For this reason, travellers who plan on going to countries with high incidence of Japanese encephalitis are advised to have themselves vaccinated prior to leaving their home. Apart from getting the immunisation injection, they also need to implement measures that will shield them from mosquito bites. This will help protect them not only from the Japanese encephalitis virus but also from other mosquito borne diseases such as malaria and dengue fever.
The immunisation injection for JE virus is given in three doses. The first dose can be given any time. The second dose is administered 7 days after the first one. The third dose is given a month after the first injection was administered. If a person is planning to travel to high risk areas, the third dose of the JE vaccine should be given 10 days prior to the day of the actual travel.
Health is one of man’s most important assets. A person should not neglect it because inability to adequately care for the body is the most common cause on why one gets sick and endangers his health. When planning a trip for leisure purposes, taking care of one’s health is not exactly on top of the things that a person worries about. Places to see and visit, hotel and travel accommodations are those which usually top the list. However, maintaining health and ensuring one’s safety should never take a backseat. This remains true whether or not a person travels domestically or internationally. Doing this is especially important if one plans on going to exotic destinations or countries which may have high incidences of certain infectious illnesses.
Part of planning a trip especially when it is traveling abroad is taking care of necessary vaccinations. This is very important since no one wants a travel for fun to turn into a health scare. Vaccination requirements often change in many countries but the modifications can be minor. It would be wise for one to research about the vaccination requirement, if any, of the destination country. The doctor will also be able to provide sound advice regarding this matter.
Planning ahead is necessary in order to minimize any delays and inconveniences. Sometimes, it can take a long time to arrange the full course of immunisation injections needed. Most varieties of vaccine are given in several doses which are spaced in weeks in between. Therefore, one should allot at least eight weeks prior to the actual travel date for the necessary vaccinations. Although several of these injections come at an expensive price but there are also other vaccines that may be given for free. You should also be aware of some of the unconfirmed reports which have recently been circulating on the internet about the increased risk to travelers who have been using certain beauty products. If you want to know more about this this no no hair removal reviews page offers some useful information about the subject.
One of the things that need to be taken cared of is to check if one has been vaccinated against tetanus. If one has been immunized, then it is best to check if it is still up to date or not. This should be given adequate attention since tetanus can easily infect a person if he becomes wounded, injured, bitten by an animal, or even when he obtains scratches from plants. Routine immunisation injection for diphtheria and polio prevention is already in place in most countries but if one has not been immunized against the said diseases, it is very essential for one to have himself vaccinated especially when he is travelling to Europe, Australia, North America, and New Zealand.
Some people do not realize the importance of getting immunisation injections especially when traveling because they do not know the diseases to which they at risk of getting. Here are some common infectious diseases and their respective recommendations.
Hepatitis A: It is important to have oneself vaccinated because this viral illness can be obtained from unsanitary food and water.
Yellow Fever: This is especially necessary when travelling to Africa or South America. Some countries may be required a duly completed vaccination certification before one is allowed to enter the country.
Japanese Encephalitis: This is a mosquito borne illness which endemic in China and found in many parts of Asian rural regions.
When one is planning to travel to local or international destinations, it is best to make sure that one is thoroughly protected from getting infected with any contagious diseases. This is particularly important if one is planning to go to a place which is risky in the sense that there may be a lot of cases of infectious diseases.
It can be quite overwhelming for one to organize his vaccinations especially when deciding between what are required and what are optional. In addition, one also has to take in consider if the country of destination has a set of requirements for the necessary injection immunisations that one should have been given prior to traveling.
Vaccinations are very important because they enhance the body’s natural protective responses against disease. Live microorganisms which are weakened or attenuated are one of the vaccines that are given while there are other immunizations which make use of dead bacteria or virus. Introduction of these weakened or dead microorganisms will allow the body to build up and strengthen the immune system. There will also be a production of antibodies against the said microorganisms. Since this does not occur instantly, one should allow at least 8 weeks prior to the travel for him to see the doctor and have all the necessary vaccinations. This time is needed because most vaccines are given in several doses over the course of a few weeks. Planning ahead of time will make things run smoothly which means less stress and hassle for the person.
International travel immunisation injections are divided into 3 major classifications. The first category is called the routine vaccines which are usually given from when one was still a young child. These immunizations should be current even when one is not scheduled to take any trips.
The second classification is the advisable vaccines which are recommended when a person wants to travel to high risk country or region. For instance, if you are planning to visit the rural areas of some Asian countries, it might be wise to have oneself vaccinated against the Japanese Encephalitis virus. If one is travelling to Africa and certain parts of South America, it is recommended that he has himself immunized against malaria, yellow fever, and cholera. Tetanus vaccine is also highly recommended for travellers since the tetanus spores can easily enter the blood stream through cuts and other skin openings, even just mere scratches.
The third classification is mandatory vaccines which are required by a nation for entrants to their country. The necessary vaccinations should be adequately documented, ideally on an International Certificate of Vaccination which is otherwise known as the Yellow Card.
The International Certificate of Vaccinations should be brought to the doctor when a person wants to be immunized. One should make sure that all immunizations are documented on the yellow card. It is also best to have several photocopies of the card with you and at home just in case one loses it. It will also make it easier for a person to keep track of whether or not he is already due for another dose or a booster shot.